TH5607 - Introduction to Philosophy and Apologetics


Introduction to Philosophy and Apologetics


20 CC   10 ECTS

Distance Learning: King's Evangelical Divinity School eCampus


10 hours of recorded lectures 10 hours
190 hours of generated study time. 190 hours

200 hours of which 10 hours of recorded lectures/course material and 190 hours of generated study time. Students have access to an online discussion forum to communicate with tutors and other students, along with e-mail support from tutors. Where appropriate, telephone support is also available.
Scheduled hours Placement Hours Independent Guided study
10 0 190

Core course material is expected to be used fully and typically includes recorded lectures and reading of select textbooks, papers or book extracts. All students are expected to listen to all of the course lectures and read the required materials. A range of supporting teaching material is also available to students as further recommended learning options.

The course will identify and evaluate the arguments on doctrines disputed within the Evangelical Christian movement. It will survey topics that separate Evangelicals denominationally and ideologically within the movement. 1. Philosophy1. Survey of Philosophy1.1 Definition and difference from wisdom1.2 Review of key ideas in early Greek philosophy1.3 Logic, Arguments, and Fallacies2. Epistemology 2.1 Empiricism-ideas derive from the senses2.2 Rationalism-ideas derive from the mind2.3 Skepticism-sensory perceptions may not have any connection to reality3. Ontology: 3.1 Monism - Materialism—universe is made up of atoms and energy. Idealism-universe is made up of non-material entities such as ideas. 3.2 Dualism - Platonic dualism-forms and matter. Christian dualism-God and creation4. Apologetics4.1 Is apologetics necessary?4.2 Faith, Fideism and Reason5. Approaches to Apologetics5.1 Classical5.2 Evidential5.3 Presuppositional5.4 Tactics6. Topics in Apologetics6.1 Can Truth be Known?6.2 Existence of God-Cosmological, Moral, and Moral arguments.6.3 Problem of Evil-How can a good and all-powerful god allow the innocent to suffer?6.4 Reliability of Scripture-Can this ancient document be trusted?6.5 Creation and Evolution6.6 The Resurrection

  • To build upon previous biblical and theological studies at Level 4 by delivering new challenges in student analysis, discussion and critical thinking of philosophical and apologetic aspects of academic study. 
  • To enhance students’ range of theological understanding by introducing new concepts while simultaneously enabling practical development of skills obtained in previous modules.
  • To explore philosophy and Apologetics as academic disciplines thereby providing grounding in a wider range of topics relevant to Biblical Studies and Theology.
  • To identify and explore past and present approaches to Philosophy relevant to undergraduate level theological students.
  • To identify and explore past and present approaches to Apologetics relevant to undergraduate level theological students.
  • To focus strongly on Christian and Evangelical involvement with and responses to the contemporary issues in Philosophy and Apologetics through teaching and active guidance of scholarly reading and critical reflection.

Audio lectures, guided reading, individual study, and individual support where appropriate. Students will prepare for assignments individually using interactive online learning material. Students are encouraged, but not required, to participate in online theological discussion on the eCampus Forum.

1. A detailed and wide knowledge and understanding of essential elements of Philosophy and Apologetics.
2. An advanced capacity to reflect critically on scholarly discussion.
3. An ability to write in academically suitable expression and content.

Component Weighting % Learning outcome(s) assessed Assessment category
14000 word assignment100%1-3Coursework



As assessment

Blomberg, C. (2014). Can we still believe the Bible?: An evangelical engagement with contemporary questions. Grand Rapids: Brazos

Craig, W. L. (1984). Apologetics: an introduction. Chicago: Moody Press.

Craig, W. L., Lüdemann, G., Copan, P., & Tacelli, R. K. (2000). Jesus' resurrection: fact or figment? : a debate between William Lane Craig & Gerd Lüdemann. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity Press.

Cowan, S. B., & Craig, W. L. (2000). Five views on apologetics Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan Pub. House.

Dembski, W. A. (1998). The design inference: Eliminating chance through small probabilities. Cambridge University Press.

Frame, J. M. (1994). Apologetics to the glory of God: an introduction. Phillipsburg, N.J.: P&R Pub.

Frame, J. M., & Torres, J. E. (2015). Apologetics: A justification of Christian belief. Phillipsberg: P&R.

Geisler, N. L., & Feinberg, P. D. (1980). Introduction to philosophy: a Christian perspective. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Book House.

Geisler, N. L., Beckwith, F., Craig, W. L., & Moreland, J. P. (2004). To everyone an answer: a case for the Christian worldview: essays in honor of Norman L. Geisler. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity Press.

Groothuis, D. (2011). Christian apologetics: a comprehensive case for biblical faith. Leicester: IVP Academic.

Kreeft, P., & Tacelli, R. K. (1994). Handbook of Christian apologetics: hundreds of answers to crucial questions. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity Press.

Montgomery, J. W., & Greenleaf, S. (1975). The law above the law: why the law needs Biblical foundations, how legal thought supports Christian truth, including Greenleaf's Testimony of the evangelists. Minneapolis: Bethany Fellowship.

Montgomery, J. W. (1978). Faith founded on fact: essays in evidential apologetics (1st ed.). Nashville: T.

Nelson.Moreland, J. P., & Craig, W. L. (2003). Philosophical foundations for a Christian worldview. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity Press.

Plantinga, A. (1977). God, freedom, and evil. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans.

Stephen Vantassel


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