TH4621 - Synoptic Gospels


Synoptic Gospels


20 CC   10 ECTS

King's Evangelical Divinity School eCampus: Distance Learning


48 hours tutor contact time 48 hours
152 hours of generated study time 152 hours

Students have access to an online discussion forum to communicate with tutors and other students, along with e-mail support from tutors. Where appropriate, telephone support is also available.
Scheduled hours Placement Hours Independent Guided study
48 0 152

Core course material is expected to be used fully and typically includes recorded lectures and reading of select textbooks, papers or book extracts. All students are expected to listen to all of the course lectures and read the required materials. A range of supporting teaching material is also available to students as further recommended learning options.

Nature of the Synoptic Problem

A Survey of Proposed Solutions

Source and Form Criticism

The Evangelists as Redactors?

Synoptic Comparison: How Does it Aid the Exegete?

Theological Purpose of Matthew

Theological Purpose of Luke

Mark’s Gospel: Historical or Theological?

How the Evangelists Respectively Employ Common Material

The Evangelists’ Use of Peculiar Material

  • To acquire foundational knowledge and understanding of the Synoptic Problem and the various proposals for its solution.
  • To acquire foundational knowledge and understanding of the Synoptic Problem and the various proposals for its solution.
  • To understand the content, theological emphases and readership of Matthew, Mark and Luke - both individually and collectively/comparatively.
  • To obtain necessary skills to compare the Synoptic parallels for exegesis.
  • To develop an ability to analyze and evaluate critically differing scholarly opinions.
  • To lay a foundation enabling students to progress to further studies within Certificate level and provide training in development towards diploma level studies

Audio lectures, guided reading, individual study, and individual support where appropriate. Students will prepare for assignments individually using interactive online learning material. Students are encouraged, but not required, to participate in online theological discussion on the eCampus Forum.

  1. Knowledge and understanding of the nature of the Synoptic Problem.
  2. Evaluate and interpret a variety of solutions offered for the Synoptic Problem.
  3. Articulate some of the key emphases, purpose and message of the Synoptic Gospels.
  4. Analyse and evaluate attempts to solve the so-called ‘Synoptic Problem’.

Component Weighting % Learning outcome(s) assessed Assessment category
13000 word assignment100%1-4Coursework

As assessment

Carson, D. A. (2010) Matthew. The Expositor's Bible Commentary (rev. edition). Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan

Garland, D. E. (2012) Luke. Zondervan Exegetical Commentary. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan.

Green, J. B., S. McKnight, & Marshall, I. H. (eds) (2013). Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels. 2nd edition. Downers Grove: InterVarsity.

Keener, C. S. (2014) The IVP Biblical Background Commentary: New Testament. (2nd edition). Downers Grove: InterVarsity.

Köstenberger, A. J. (2020) The Jesus of the Gospels. Grand Rapids, MI: Kregel Academic.

Licona, M. (2017) Why are there differences in the gospels? What we can learn from ancient biography? Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Pennington, J. T. (2012) Reading the Gospels wisely: a narrative and theological introduction. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic.

Porter, S. E. & Dyer, B. E. (2016). The synoptic problem: four views. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic.

Stein, R. H. Studying the Synoptic Gospels: Origin and Interpretation. (2nd edition). Grand Rapids: Baker, 2001.

Stein, R. H. (2008) Mark. Baker Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic.

Thomas, R. L. (ed) (2002). Three views on the origin of the synoptic gospels. Grand Rapids: Kregal.

Wenham, D. (2018) From good news to Gospels: what did the first Christians say about Jesus? Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans.



Andy Cheung


Arts and Humanities Board of Studies

Tue, 30 Jun 2020

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