University of Chester

Programme Specification
Animal Behaviour BSc (Hons) (Single Honours)
2016 - 2017

Bachelor of Science (Single Honours)

Animal Behaviour

Animal Behaviour

University of Chester

University of Chester

Primarily University of Chester, Chester campus.

One module in Level 4 is delivered at Reaseheath College

Undergraduate Modular Programme

Full-time and Part-time

Classroom / Laboratory,

3 years

7 Years

Annual - September

D326

D300

No

17a. Faculty

17b. Department

Medicine, Dentistry and Life Sciences Biological Sciences

Biosciences 2007

Not applicable

Department of Biological Sciences

Wednesday 3rd December 2014

The Aims of the Single Honours programme are:  

  • To equip students with the necessary skills and knowledge to enable them to study and understand the behaviour of animals in their natural habitats.
  • To allow students to acquire a range of key concepts, principles and practical skills relevant to a broad range of topics including: animal behaviour, welfare, conservation, ecology, physiology and evolution.
  • To enable students to develop key practical, professional and transferable skills.
  • To provide a degree programme to produce graduates with marketable skills and knowledge. 
  • To equip students with the necessary knowledge and skills to progress to postgraduate study.
  • To foster an appreciation of the role and value of research and of a scientific approach to study.
  • To foster an appreciation of and sensitivity to animal welfare and related ethical issues.

As a result of completing this programme, students should have achieved the following outcomes 

Subject Knowledge (SK) 

1.    An understanding of the fundamental concepts, principles and theories from the life sciences that underpin an understanding of the behaviour of animals. This will include a knowledge and understanding of: genetics, evolutionary theory, life history theory, physiological systems, ecological systems, population biology, theories of optimisation, symbiosis, phylogenetics and taxonomy.(SK1)

2.    An understanding of the factors that impact on the health and welfare of, primarily, wild animals, but including some captive species. (SK2)

Programme Outcomes and Modules

Code

Title

SK1

SK2

SPTC 1

SPTC2

PS1

PS2

CS1

LEVEL 4

BI4155

Comparative anatomy and physiology of animals

 

 

 

 

√ 

BI4111

Genetics and Evolution

 

 

√ 

 

 

√ 

BI4114

Data Handling and Project Design

 

 

√ 

√ 

 

√ 

BI4118

Introduction to Animal Behaviour

√ 

√ 

 √

 

√ 

BI4143

Animal Handling and Husbandry

 √

 

√ 

 

√ 

 √

BI4119

Ecology

 √

 

 

 

 √

BI4154

Applied Animal behaviour

√ 

 

√ 

 

 

√ 

BI4153

Animal management and bio veterinary science

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LEVEL 5

BI5110

Research Methods

 

 

√ 

 √

 

√ 

BI5113

Experiential Learning*

 

 

 

 

 

 

 √

BI5118

Behavioural Ecology

 

√ 

 √

 

BI5119

Adaptations to the Environment

 

 

 

√ 

 

√ 

BI5137

Exotic animal husbandry and welfare

√ 

√ 

 

 

√ 

BI5136

Domestic animal husbandry and welfare

√ 

√ 

 

 

√ 

BI5149

Farm animal behaviour and welfare

√ 

√ 

 √

 

√ 

BI5121

Field Ecology

 √

 

 √

 

√ 

BI5126

Wildlife Crime & Conservation

 

√ 

√ 

 

√ 

BI 5150

Ex situ conservation

√ 

 

 

 

√ 

BI5147

Marine animal behaviour

√ 

 

 

 

√ 

WB5101

Enhancing your Employability through Work Based Learning *

 

 

 

 

 

 

 √

LEVEL 6

BI6110

Dissertation *

√ 

√ 

 √

 

√ 

BI6108

Non-experimental project with information project

√ 

√ 

 √

 

√ 

BI6109

Non-experimental project with presentation

√ 

√ 

 √

 

√ 

BI6129

Animal Behaviour and Conservation

 

√ 

 

 

√ 

BI6134

Animal Cognition

 

 

√ 

 

 

√ 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BI6143

Wildlife Forensics - Detection & Investigation

 

 

 √

√ 

 

√ 

BI6170

Animal parasitism: medical, veterinary & ecological aspects

 

√ 

 

 

√ 

BI6171

Applied Conservation Genetics

 

 

 √

 

 

√ 

BI6172

Managing marine environmental impacts

 

√ 

 

 

√ 

BI6132

Physiology and behaviour

√ 

 

 

 

 

√ 

BI 6192

Behavioural and Evolutionary ecology

√ 

 

 

 

 

√ 

Note (*)  The outcomes of these modules are difficult to specify in advance since they are totally dependent on the type of work a student pursues and/ or their placement. The minimum outcomes are shown. In principle all outcomes are possible.

 Subject Specific Thinking and Cognitive Skills (SPTCS):  

1.    The ability to carry out research exploring the behaviour of animals through: the design of robust and ethically acceptable experiments or observational scenarios, the collection of reliable data, the formulation and testing of hypotheses (including the application of inferential statistical tests and procedures), the derivation of conclusions, and the reflection on the reliability and significance of findings. (SPTCS1) 

2.    The ability to locate, evaluate, synthesise and critically evaluate information and ideas from the published literature in animal behaviour and communicate findings in a variety of formats sensitive to the context and target audience. (SPTCS2)  

 Practical Skills (PS):  

1.    The ability to design, plan and carry out field and laboratory investigations relating to the behaviour and distribution of animals paying due attention to (as appropriate) : health and safety issues, animal welfare, informed consent, rights of access, and institutional procedures of ethical approval. (PS1)

2.    An appreciation of safe working practice in domestic, farm and zoo animal facilities, the ability to  articulate the range of hazards posed by working with animals and a demonstration of  skills in species specific husbandry and management for selected species. (PS2) 

Communication and ICT. The ability to communicate to a degree level standard both orally through discussion and presentations, and in writing taking into account context and academic conventions. The use of IT to obtain, display and interrogate information (CS1)

In addition to compulsory modules, in level 4 students take ONE OF:

BI4119 OR BI4153

In addition to compulsory modules, in level 5 students take ONE OF

BI5119 OR BI5121

and ONE OF :

BI5137 OR BI5136

and ONE of

BI5126 OR BI5147 OR BI5150

 

 Students are also offered WB5008. This is a year long study abroad course that students can take AFTER level 5. They then return to level 6 to complete their BSc degree.

 

In all Single Honours programmes students complete 120 credits of study each year, where each single module has a value of 20 credits. Modules are assessed on a 4,000 word-equivalent basis - a one-hour examination equating to 1,000 words.

In planning the programme we have taken account of the advice published by Academic Quality Support Services regarding level-related characteristics.  In respect of subject knowledge, the emphasis at Level 4 is on ‘knowing about’, at Level 5 on linking complex elements of knowledge to one another, and at Level 6 on analysis, synthesis and reflection.  Learning outcomes have been written to incorporate appropriate level characteristics.

Level 4: emphasis is on gaining knowledge in the core areas of animal behaviour. You will be introduced to key principles in biology and more specialist principles in animal behaviour.  Your practical skills with domestic and exotic animals will be developed through a module delivered at Reaseheath College in Nantwich, Cheshire. Themes at this level include: Introduction to Animal Behaviour, Animal Handling and Care, Essential Physiology, Genetics and Evolution, Data Handling and Project Design, Wildlife Ecology

Level 5: sees a shift in emphasis to more academic and research-informed study. You will study core concepts in animal behaviour and develop your skills in research methodology in lectures and practise them in the field. One of the six modules that you undertake must be the Work Based Learning module or the Experiential Learning Module. If you choose your Work Based Learning module in an area of animal behaviour, then a work placement of not less than 5 weeks will allow you the opportunity to test out and develop your skills and knowledge in an animal-related business or concern. Work for the Experiential learning module is vary varied and likely to include a field trip.

Level 6: at this level you will undertake a Dissertation or Non-Experimental Project. There is also a choice of optional modules taught by lecturers with research expertise that will allow you to specialise according to your interests. Hence you will take a Dissertation or Non-Experimental Project and four taught modules. Your choice of modules is shown in Section 24b

At level 6 students take ONE dissertation module from a choice of BI6110, BI6108 or BI6109

For studying the module BI4143 and or BI 4153 there may be additional costs for health and safety equipment (steel toe caps and boiler suits). The approx. total cost will be £35.

Mod-Code Level Title Credit Single
BI4110 4 Essential Physiology 20 N/A
BI4111 4 Genetics and Evolution 20 Comp
BI4114 4 Data Handling and Project Design 20 Comp
BI4118 4 Introduction to Animal Behaviour 20 Comp
BI4119 4 Ecology 20 Optional
BI4128 4 Wildlife Ecology 20 N/A
BI4143 4 Animal Husbandry and Handling 20 N/A
BI4153 4 Animal Management and Bioveterinary Science 20 Optional
BI4154 4 Applied Animal Behaviour 20 Comp
BI4155 4 Comparative Anatomy and Physiology of Animals 20 Comp
BI5110 5 Research Methods 20 Comp
BI5113 5 Experiential Learning 20 Optional
BI5118 5 Behavioural Ecology 20 Comp
BI5119 5 Adaptations to the Environment 20 Optional
BI5121 5 Field Ecology 20 Optional
BI5124 5 Animal Health and Disease 20 N/A
BI5126 5 Wildlife Crime and Conservation 20 N/A
BI5136 5 Domestic Animal Husbandry & Welfare 20 Optional
BI5137 5 Exotic Animal Husbandry & Welfare 20 Optional
BI5147 5 Marine Animal Behaviour 20 Optional
BI5149 5 Farm Animal Behaviour and Welfare 20 N/A
BI5150 5 Ex-Situ Conservation 20 Optional
WB5004 5 Learning in the Wider World 20 Optional
WB5008 5 The Study Abroad Experience 120 Optional
WB5101 5 Enhancing your Employability through Work Based Learning 20 Optional
BI6108 6 Non-experimental project with Information project 40 Optional
BI6109 6 Non-experimental project with presentation 40 Optional
BI6110 6 Dissertation 40 Optional
BI6129 6 Animal Behaviour and Conservation 20 Optional
BI6132 6 Physiology and Behaviour 20 Optional
BI6133 6 Recent Advances in Animal Behaviour 20 N/A
BI6134 6 Animal Cognition 20 Optional
BI6143 6 Wildlife Forensics - Detection and Investigation 20 Optional
BI6170 6 Animal Parasitism: Medical, Veterinary and Ecological Aspects 20 Optional
BI6171 6 Applied Conservation Genetics 20 Optional
BI6172 6 Managing Marine Environmental Impacts 20 Optional
BI6192 6 Behavioural & Evolutionary Ecology 20 Optional
BU6017 6 Managing New Business Ventures 20 N/A

Students graduate with BSc Honours on completion of Level 6 having obtained 360 credits (120 per level).
Students may obtain an exit award of Dip HE on completion of Level 5 having obtained 240 credits (120 per level).
Students may obtain an exit award of Cert HE on completion of Level 4 having obtained 120 credits.

Not applicable

Not applicable

A minimum of 280 UCAS points, of which 200 points must be obtained from GCE and/or VCE A Levels (12 or 6 unit awards), including grades CC in two subjects. The remaining points may be achieved from GCE and/or VCE A/AS Levels, VCE double award, or Level 3 Key Skills certification

The department recommends the following subjects as suitable for entry:
A2 Level: Biology, Human Biology, Chemistry, Environmental Science, Science
AS Level: Biology, Human Biology, Social Biology, Chemistry, Environmental Science, Science
VCE A Level: Science

  • BTEC National Diploma/Certificate: merit profile
  • Irish Highers/Scottish Highers: B in 4 subjects
  • International Baccalaureate: 20 points
  • European Baccalaureate: a minimum of 60%
  • QAA recognised Access course, Open College Units or Open University Credits

The benchmark statements in biology have been used as an important reference point in the construction of this programme’s learning outcomes, knowledge, skills and content together with the methods of learning, teaching and assessment. Particular reference has been made to  the threshold statements - these being the minimum requirement described in the benchmarking statements by The Quality Assurance Agency (2007). Any individual student will take the equivalent to 18 modules in total, which will include core and optional modules. The structure and content of the core modules is such that  all students will have the opportunity to develop the "skills and attributes acquired by the biosciences graduate …… for a career in biosciences or elsewhere, and make them valued by employers." (The Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education 2007.  Biosciences). The particular sets of statements that have been consulted and referenced are: generic standards, organisms, and ecology and environmental biology.

 

Biosciences benchmark statements (BBS) from the Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education (2007) Biosciences, Mansfield, United Kingdom: Linney Direct

On graduating with an honours degree in biosciences, students should:

BBS1: be able to access and evaluate bioscience information from a variety of sources and to communicate the principles both orally and in writing (eg essays, laboratory reports) in a way that is well organised, topical and recognises the limits of current hypotheses

BBS2: have ability in a broad range of appropriate practical techniques and skills relevant to the biosciences. This will include the ability to place the work in context and to suggest lines of further investigation

BBS3: have a secure and accurate understanding of the explanation of biological phenomena at a variety of levels (from molecular to ecological systems) and be able to understand the relationship of evolutionary theory to their area of study

BBS4: be able to plan, execute and present an independent piece of work (eg a project), in which qualities such as time management, problem solving and independence are evident, as well interpretation and critical awareness of the quality of evidence

BBS5:  be able to construct reasoned arguments to support their position on the ethical and social impact of advances in the biosciences be able to apply relevant advanced numerical skills (including statistical analysis, where appropriate) to biological data

BBS6: have well-developed strategies for updating, maintaining and enhancing their knowledge of the biosciences.

 LEARNING OUTCOMES MAPPED AGAINST BENCHMARK STATEMENTS FOR BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES:As a result of completing this programme, students should have achieved the following outcomes

Subject Knowledge (SK) 1.    An understanding of the fundamental concepts, principles and theories from the life sciences that underpin an understanding of the behaviour of animals. This will include a knowledge and understanding of: genetics, evolutionary theory, life history theory, physiological systems, ecological systems, population biology, theories of optimisation, symbiosis, phylogenetics and taxonomy. In line with BBS3 

2.    An understanding of the factors that impact on the health and welfare of, primarily, wild animals, but including some captive species. 

Subject Specific Thinking and Cognitive Skills (SPTCS):

 1.    The ability to carry out research exploring the behaviour of animals through: the design of robust and ethically acceptable experiments or observational scenarios, the collection of reliable data, the formulation and testing of hypotheses (including the application of inferential statistical tests and procedures), the derivation of conclusions, and the reflection on the reliability and significance of findings In line with BBS 4

 2.    The ability to locate, evaluate, synthesise and critically evaluate information and ideas from the published literature in animal behaviour and communicate findings in a variety of formats sensitive to the context and  target audience. In line with BBS 1 

 Practical Skills (PS):

 1.    The ability to design, plan and carry out field and laboratory investigations relating to the behaviour and distribution of animals paying due attention to (as appropriate) : health and safety issues, animal welfare, informed consent, rights of access, and institutional procedures of ethical approval. In line with BBS2

 2.    An appreciation of safe working practice in domestic, farm and zoo animal facilities, the ability to  articulate the range of hazards posed by working with animals and a demonstration of  skills in species specific husbandry and management for selected species. 

 

 Graduate, Transferable and Key Skills (GTKS) Key skills are embedded in all modules and developed in a progressive manner throughout the programme. These include:

 1.    Numeracy: a proficiency in the presentation, interpretation and statistical analysis of data relevant to animal behaviour In line with BBS 5 

2.    Communication and ICT. The ability to communicate to a degree level standard both orally through discussion and presentations, and in writing taking into account context and academic conventions. The use of IT to obtain, display and interrogate information In line with BBS 1

 3.    Interpersonal and Teamwork skills. The ability to work with others as a team member; an appreciation of the value of group work and the ability to recognise and respect divergent opinion. 

 4.    Self-management and professional skills. The ability to manage one’s own time and resources and to act autonomously when required. A demonstration of integrity and honesty ion academic work

Students encounter a broad range of teaching and learning experiences across all levels of study as befits the subject matter. Methods of teaching and learning are indicated clearly in each module descriptor and the list that follows describes the variety of approaches used by tutors.

 Lectures

These feature in most modules as an effective way of imparting important content, themes and pointers for further study. They are used to set a framework for further study and inspire students of the value of the discipline. However, they are supplemented by a variety of other methods of teaching and learning as described below.

Practical classes

The majority of modules at Levels 4 and 5 include practical classes. These provide the opportunity for students to develop their data handling and analytical skills as well as their practical skills (e.g. handling equipment). An important aspect of practical work is also the opportunity it offers for groups work encouraging working with others. At level 6, the amount of practical work is limited, although the dissertation module normally involves practical work in laboratories or in the field.

Seminars

Seminars are used most often in Level 6 optional modules in which group sizes are relatively small and students tend to be more confident. Selected topics of the module content are chosen to provide the opportunity for more in-depth study and dissemination of ideas.  Amongst other key skills, students are able to practise oral communication skills in a relatively informal context.

When students have specific queries that have not been addressed during formal teaching sessions, they can contact module tutors directly. In practice, these discussions tend to focus on assessment issues, including feedback on formative essays and performance in examinations. A system is in operation whereby students can make appointments to consult tutors.   

Intranet-based support materials

The University has an intranet  available to all students on or off campus. This offers access to a wide range of facilities including Learning Resources, the Library and all modular support materials. Staff are committed to using Moodle for making additional support materials available for students. The department has recently invested in the on-line Encyclopaedia of Life Sciences which is an excellent additional resource for undergraduates. 

Directed reading

As reading is central to the process of knowledge acquisition in higher education, module tutors provide reading lists to guide their students to appropriate material. Increasingly, these lists include references to the Internet and electronic sources, as well as more traditional book and journal references.

Group work

The QCA Key Skills document lists ‘working with others’ as one of the six categories of Key Skills that needs to be demonstrated in higher education.  Throughout the programme, working with others has been incorporated at each level. In many modules, particularly in practical work in the laboratory or field, students are encouraged to work in groups and to share ideas. The assessment in certain modules is based on group assignments.  

In the main, teaching and learning activities take place on the campus.  Timetabling is arranged centrally, except for individual tutorials. There is some flexibility for students to change groups for laboratory classes and group tutorials to suit part-time students and those who have family commitments or transport difficulties. This is in accordance with the University's widening access and participation strategy.  It is possible for all students to access support materials at home via the ‘Moodle at home’ facility.

In line with benchmarking and the Department's Learning, Teaching and Assessment Strategy, the need for students to become effective as independent learners is planned for and encouraged. The programme structures its learning outcomes so that this will happen progressively over the three-year programme.  At Level 6, students have the opportunity to do an extensive piece of independent research (equivalent to one or two modules) that requires them to plan, implement, analyse data and report the study.

Assessment Criteria 

The University's over-arching level-related criteria are a key reference when designing modular assessments. Therefore, progression towards more complex and involved assessments, that require greater levels of study autonomy and greater levels of critical analysis, underpins the overall assessment strategy of the programme.   

In addition, all students who pass any part of a degree are expected to possess such basic skills as the ability to make use of numerical and statistical information; the ability to locate internet sites from given web addresses; the ability to send and receive e-mail messages; the ability to use basic software packages such as Word; the ability to perform basic searches on standard electronic retrieval systems, and the ability to write legibly. Students who succeed at Level 2 and above should be able to construct an essay using correct grammar, spelling and referencing according to the American Psychological Association (APA) system of referencing.

 

Formative assessment and feedback

All students receive written comments on coursework and additional feedback on the work is given more informally by individual tutors.  Formative feedback is an important and essential component of all taught modules. The nature of the assessment and feedback varies from module to module but typically takes the form of a written assignment done under time constraints, marked by the module tutor.

Reassessment Methods   

Reassessment will address the learning outcomes not achieved in the failed components. For modules forming part of programmes in the Department of Biological Sciences, reassessment will normally take the form of a written examination. The module descriptors indicate how each module is reassessed.

 

Assessment Grid

Code

Title

Essay   

Lab or field report

Poster

Presentation

Other (e.g critical review, project report, diagrams)

Exam

BI4110

Essential Physiology

 

 

 

 

√ 

√ 

BI4111

Genetics and Evolution

 

 

 

 

 √

BI4114

Data Handling and Project Design

 

 

 

 

√ 

BI4118

Introduction to Animal Behaviour

 

 

 

 √

BI4143

Animal Handling and Husbandry

 

 

 

 √

BI4128

Wildlife Ecology

 

 

 

 √

BI5110

Research Methods

 

 

 

 √

BI5113

Experiential Learning*

 

 

 

 

 

BI5118

Behavioural Ecology

 

 

 

 

 √

BI5119

Adaptations to the Environment

 

 

 

 

√ 

BI5121

Field Ecology

 

 

 

 

 √

BI5126

Wildlife Crime & Conservation

 

 

 

 

WB5101

 Enhancing your Employability through Work Based Learning * 

 

 

 

 

 

BI6110

Dissertation *

 

 

 

 

 

BI6108

Non-experimental project with information project

 

 

 

 

 

BI6109

Non-experimental project with presentation

 

 

 

 

 

BI6129

Animal Behaviour and Conservation

 

 

 

 

BI6134

Animal Cognition

 

 

 

BI6135

Ethics, Animal Welfare and Applied Animal Behaviour

 

 

 

 

BI6136

Evolution and Human Behaviour

 

 

 

BI6143

Wildlife Forensics - Detection & Investigation

 

 

 

BI6170

Animal parasitism: medical, veterinary & ecological aspects

 

 

 

 

BI6171

Applied Conservation Genetics

 

 

 

 

BI6172

Managing marine environmental impacts

 

 

 

 

 ·         One out of two modules of these must be chosen in level 5 & 6·         Optional modules are in italics 

The programme is designed to equip graduates with the necessary knowledge and practical (transferable) skills to embark on careers within the areas of animal handling and welfare, conservation, teaching, further training for specialist careers or postgraduate studies. Whilst it is expected that many students in each cohort will initially embark on such career pathways, the embedded transferable skills throughout the programme make the graduate highly employable in a variety of directions. The degree will also enable students to progress to study at a higher level.

Careers in animals science fall into the following areas:

Animal nutrition research and advice, Animal welfare, Animal breeding, Veterinary support, Animal food retailing, Technical support, Horseracing management, veterinary nursing, Farm management, Sales reps (animal health products), Education officers, Gamekeepers, Countryside managers, Animal nutritionist, Zoo keeping, Animal behaviourist.

It is estimated that about 50% of students will move into careers not in the area of animal science. For these students the general graduate level characteristics listed earlier will stand them in good stead. more specifically the following attributes fostered in this programme should be of use to students in many careers.

The ability to write and communicate coherently, logically and with a style and format appropriate to audience

The ability to sift evidence and evaluate arguments

The ability to collect, present and draw consistent conclusions from data

The ability to work to deadlines individually and as part of a team

The ability to use ICT

The ability to plan work, manage time and resources.

The programmes of study in the Dept of Biological Sciences fully embrace the University’s commitment to the active promotion of equality of opportunity.  The  University seeks to ensure that no student is disadvantaged or discriminated against on the grounds of: gender; age; marital or parental status; sexual orientation; racial group (race, colour, nationality, ethnicity or national origins); creed (religious, political or personal beliefs or principles); membership or non-membership of a trade union; and socio-economic background. It also aims to ensure that disabled people and those with special needs do not suffer unfair discrimination, and that they are enabled to achieve their full potential as students.  The ultimate objective of the programmes delivered are to ensure all aspects of delivery are open to all sections of society and in whose activities all students can participate to the best of their ability. This programme is designed to ensure inclusivity and to ensure that the diverse needs of our students are provided for.  At a departmental level all programmes are developed and delivered with the following aspects in mind:

  • Admission requirements are clearly set out in promotional materials and due consideration is given to a policy of widening access, participation, diversity and equality. 

  • Each module and programme is developed in line with University policy to both promote equality and diversity and encourage all students in the development of their learning.

  • There is flexibility in materials and delivery of teaching to support students with disability or from culturally diverse backgrounds and the Department works closely with Learning Support in delivering this support through Learning Support Plans.

  • The induction week activities are designed to integrate all students both academically and socially and to make academic staff aware of any issues.  Students are made aware of avenues of support if they a have any issues regarding diversity and equality.

  • Supportive formative exercises are presented in modules in the first year to give all students an equal chance of succeeding.

  • Assessments are designed to afford equal opportunity to all students to display their knowledge and skills. The introduction of anonymous marking and the blue sticker scheme also enhance equal opportunity to all students.

  • In order to ensure that the needs of all students are met any barriers to access (physical, environmental and curriculum) are identified and removed or reasonable adjustments will be made based on requirements.

  • All learning materials and teaching and learning sessions are designed to be free from racist, sexist and other discriminatory assumptions and practices.

  • All lecturers are aware of diversity issues and discharge their PAT roles with knowledge and sympathy and all students are made aware of the Department structures to discuss issues should a concern arise. 

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