University of Chester

Programme Specification
Law with Criminology LLB (Hons) (Single Honours)
2016 - 2017

Bachelor of Laws (Single Honours)

Law with Criminology

Law with Criminology (including a Foundation Year)

University of Chester

University of Chester

Chester Campus

Undergraduate Modular Programme

Full-time and Part-time

Classroom / Laboratory,

4 years

7 Years

Annual - September




17a. Faculty

17b. Department

Social Science Law

Learning and Teaching Institute (Level 3); Law (2015) and Criminology (2014)

The Law degree is a Qualifying Law Degree (QLD) in that it meets the requirements of the joint statement which was published by the now defunct Joint Academic Stage Board (JASB)

Law (LA modules), Department of Social and Political Science (SO modules)

Monday 18th January 2016

As to Law: 

  • To acquire knowledge and understanding of legal doctrines, concepts, principles, rules and values in core areas of law.
  • To understand the English legal system and the impact of European Union law and institutions on that system.
  • To study in depth a number of substantive areas of law, a perception and appreciation of the context in which law operates and the development of a critical perspective of the law and legal institutions
  • To understand the dynamic nature of law, of uncertainty in the law, and of the need for and proposals for law reform.

  As to Criminology:

  • To provide a critical and academically challenging course in contemporary criminology, which relates to life concerns.
  • To provide a course of study which allows students to critically discriminate between theories of crime, which base their explanations primarily at the level of the individual, and those that relate crime to social processes.
  • To allow students to deploy and apply research in criminology in order to gain evidence to evaluate competing explanations.

As to both Law and Criminology: 

  • To acquire an appreciation of the links and synergies between the two disciplines and also their differences.
  • To develop transferable graduate level skills in research, analysis, synthesis, problem solving, communication (oral and in writing) and the ability to work autonomously and as part of a team in a multi-cultural society.

As to Law: Demonstrate a knowledge and understanding of

  • a substantial range of legal doctrines, major concepts and values that underpin law and the legal system.
  • the purpose of some areas of law from a critical perspective
  • principles and rules as they apply to specific areas of law and legal systems
  • the potential for impact of European Union law and European institutions on English law and the English legal system
  • some substantive areas of law, including some in-depth study

In addition, depending on the options chosen at level 6, demonstrate a knowledge and understanding of

  • a number of areas of business law in a commercial context
  • areas of crime and criminal justice, and their interaction with human rights, and the context in which the criminal justice system operates

As to Criminology:

  • The programme of study examines a range of theoretical perspectives which relate crime to its social, individual and legal contexts. Study includes:
  • An examination of the major criminal justice agencies and their relationships between policy, theory and practice.
  • Histories of crime and punishment, the relationship between crime and social order.
  • An understanding of the dynamics of power in relation to crime and criminality.
  • An understanding of how crime is researched and how data on crime is presented.
  • The study of crime as representation with particular reference to the Media portrayals of crime, criminals and victims.
  • The study of contemporary and comparative criminology.
  • An understanding of the contribution of the key disciplines that inform criminology; namely sociology, psychology and law, and their interrelationship. Substantive areas of focus would include drugs, civil liberties and contemporary issues in law and order.

By the end of level 3 students should be able to:

  • Demonstrate a knowledge of terms and concepts relevant to the pathway subject-specific modules.
  • Use academic study skills at the required level for further study at the University.
  • Identify how theory can be applied to real-life situations.
  • Be aware of how undergraduate study prepares students for the world of work.

At level 4 students would be able to use this knowledge and understanding in a routine manner to evaluate and formulate a range of arguments. For Law in LA4001, LA4007, LA4008 and LA4011. For Criminology SO4304 and SO4305.

At level 5 students would be able to use this knowledge and understanding to initiate and undertake critical analysis of information and to propose solutions to problems. For Law in LA5001, LA5002, LA5006, and LA5005 if taken. For Criminology SO5301 and SO5307.

At level 6 students would be able to use this knowledge and understanding to deploy accurately established techniques of analysis and enquiry within the law discipline. For Law in LA6022 plus those other law modules chosen by the student. For Criminology from SO6303, SO6305 and SO6307 depending which two are taken by the student.

As to Law:
Thinking or Cognitive Skills - students should be able to:

  • recognise and distil issues from factual or hypothetical information and prioritise them in terms of their relevance and importance
  • undertake an analysis of complex legal or factual information in a systematic way and according to the purpose to be served
  • apply knowledge and understanding to solve problems – actual or hypothetical
  • propose and handle alternative solutions
  • produce a synthesis of relevant doctrinal and policy issues in relation to a topic
  • offer critical evaluation of particular arguments and make informed judgements about their merits

As to Criminology:

These skills are developed on an incremental basis as the student progresses through the programme. Description, together with the fostering of intellectual curiosity, at level one is enhanced at levels two and three by the development of skills which demonstrate the ability to progressively engage in analysis and synthesis respectively. Students will learn techniques of description, critical analysis and synthesis in relation to the understanding of crime. They will learn how to make reasoned arguments, the critical interpretation of evidence in relation to research methodology and text and to develop the ability to practice reflection through knowledge, which has been accumulated throughout their programme of study.

By the end of level 3, students should be able to:

  • Analyse, interpret and summarise information.
  • Write in an academic manner.
  • Begin to reflect on their own learning and use feedback as part of this process.
  • Demonstrate independent learning.
  • Integrate a variety of information sources to come to a conclusion.

At level 4 students would be able to use the aforementioned cognitive skills in a routine manner to evaluate and formulate a range of arguments. For Law in LA4001, LA4007, LA4008 and LA4011. For Criminology SO4304 and SO4305.

At level 5 students would be able to use the aforementioned cognitive skills to initiate and undertake critical analysis of information and to propose solutions to problems. For Law in LA5001, LA5002, LA5006, and LA5005 if taken. For Criminology SO5301 and SO5307.

At level 6 students would be able to use the aforementioned cognitive skills to deploy accurately established techniques of analysis and enquiry within the law discipline. For Law in LA6022 plus those other law modules chosen by the student. For Criminology from SO6303, SO6305 and SO6307 depending which two are taken by the student.

Practical Skills

As to Law:

Practical Skills: students should be able to:

  • identify and retrieve legal information using paper and electronic sources
  • use primary and secondary sources relevant to the topic under study
  • collate information and materials from a variety of sources in a coherent way
  • plan and undertake tasks in areas of law already studied
  • plan and undertake research in areas of law not previously studied
  • properly attribute and utilize the work of others

As to Criminology:

Practical Skills Includes communication skills (speaking, discussion, reading, discourse and argument), presentational skills; information and communications technology (to include the use of computers and word processors) as well as statistical and quantitative techniques and information retrieval (primary and secondary sources).

Transferable Professional Skills

These skills are not separate but embedded in the key skills above.

By the end of level 3, students should be able to:

  • Retrieve and collate information from a variety of sources.
  • Use proficient reading and writing skills in preparation for the next level of study.
  • Demonstrate ability in Business, Law and Social Sciences applications.
  • Present computing and numerical skill in the production of their assessed work.
  • Work with others for problem-solving activities.

At level 4 students will be able to use the above skills to communicate results of their studies accurately and reliably. For Law in LA4001, LA4007, LA4008 and LA4011. For Criminology SO4304 and SO4305.

At level 5 students will be able to use the above skills to communicate different types of information and analysis in a variety of different ways to both specialist and non-specialist audiences. For Law in LA5001, LA5002, LA5006, and LA5005 if taken. For Criminology SO5301 and SO5307.

At level 6 students will be able to use established techniques of analysis and enquiry and communicate the same in a variety of different ways and be able to use these skills to manage their own learning. For Law in LA6022 plus those other law modules chosen by the student. For Criminology from SO6303, SO6305 and SO6307 depending which two are taken by the student.

As to Law:

  • Understand and use proficiently the English language, both orally and in writing,
  • Present knowledge in a way which is comprehensible to others and directed to their concerns
  • Construct a consistent and sustained argument
  • Understand and present relevant statistical or other numerical data as part of an argument
  • Word process work in an appropriate format
  • Use e-mail and the World-wide Web
  • Reflect on your own learning and seek and make use of feedback
  • Manage your time effectively
  • Work in groups as a participant who contributes effectively to the group’s task
  • Construct a consistent and sustained argument and see benchmarks above.

As to Criminology:

'The term transferable skills refers to those skills that go beyond a single discipline. Benchmarking statements often make reference to transferable and generic skills. The [University] uses the term key skills to refer to a set of specific skills that fall within these headings. The [University] has embraced the six key skills identified by the Qualifications, Curriculum and Assessment Authority (QCA).' (Key Skills Advisory Group, 2000).

 Reference to transferable skills is made in the BSC benchmark standards and in the Options Series for Criminology developed by ( They are defined as marketable qualities that are increasingly required by employers. For the purposes of this document these transferable skills will be defined as key skills in accordance with the University's adoption of the QCA guidelines.

Thus a range of key skills (translated from the QCA guidelines into the six programme learning outcomes below) to enhance employability will be developed across the programme. Whilst these skills are inherent across all three levels, they are nevertheless developed progressively. Modules referenced below are used as core examples to highlight the explicit embedding of key skills in module aims, learning outcomes and assessment in line with constructive alignment (Biggs, 1999).

Students should be able to:

  • Demonstrate through application written and oral communication.
  • Apply IT, information literacy and research skills through practical and project work.
  • Present data and evidence in an appropriate format for a variety of audiences (both quantitative and qualitative).
  • Participate effectively in group work/group related activities.
  • Apply time planning and management and engage in reflective practice when conducting study tasks and assessments to improve own learning and performance for career development and employability.
  • Engage in problem solving, for example, by evaluating evidence of diverse kinds and drawing appropriate conclusions.

By the end of the level 3 students should be able to:

  • Communicate the ideas of others and their own ideas in an academic format.
  • Use IT applications effectively for research and presentation purposes.
  • Discuss and debate relevant topics and ideas as part of the learning process.
  • Convert researched information to a summarised form.

At level 4 students will be able to use the above skills to communicate results of their studies accurately and reliably. For Law in LA4001, LA4007, LA4008 and LA4011. For Criminology SO4304 and SO4305.

At level 5 students will be able to use the above skills to communicate different types of information and analysis in a variety of different ways to both specialist and non-specialist audiences. For Law in LA5001, LA5002, LA5006, and LA5005 if taken. For Criminology SO5301 and SO5307.

At level 6 students will be able to use established techniques of analysis and enquiry and communicate the same in a variety of different ways and be able to use these skills to manage their own learning. For Law in LA6022 plus those other law modules chosen by the student. For Criminology from SO6303, SO6305 and SO6307 depending which two are taken by the student.

The programme is designed to provide an opportunity for students to meet learning outcomes in law and criminology for different purposes.

Students may wish to continue on the path to legal professional qualification and the programme has been designed as a Qualifying Law Degree.

The foundation year comprises six modules listed in section 24b.  

Some will wish to use their knowledge of law and criminology, as well as the transferable skills acquired through their study, to prepare for a career in an allied profession. Others will wish to study law and criminology as academic disciplines in their own right and acquire a social science/arts qualification. All of these factors have been considered in the design of the programme. The Law element incorporates study of all the areas needed for a Qualifying Law Degree, including a module incorporating study skills.

At level 5 to meet the QLD requirements and provide an efficient programme of study in the criminology aspect of the programme there is very limited choice. Students can choose either between LA5005 Law Experiential and WB5101 Enhancing Your Employability Through Work Based Learning.

At level 6 students will be able to specialise to some degree in areas of the law that are of particular interest to them and/or of particular relevance to their future career. However, the choice of Law options is constrained by the programme choice to study Criminology alongside Law. As well as the two core law modules (LA6009 and LA6022) students must study a further 40 credits of Law modules and then 20 credits of Criminology modules. It is expected, although not mandatory, that students will choose Law options to complement their interest in Criminology. These include Evidence and perhaps Family Law and Child Law. The programme complies fully with the requirements of the FHEQ and the Law Subject benchmark statements. The Law benchmarks are drafted somewhat differently from those in other subject areas. The purpose is, among other issues, to provide a basis for institutions to devise their own learning outcome statements compatible with the benchmark statements. Also, the benchmarks set as a minimum certain achievements which a student must demonstrate to be awarded an undergraduate honours degree in law.

Thus the statements are both generic and look to the final outcome of study on a law programme. Thus it is not possible or appropriate to map the benchmark standards against individual modules.

The Criminology modules are structured to give the students a firm foundation in level 5 and although there is no choice at level 5 and little choice at level 6, these modules do complement the Law modules, particularly in the areas of Public Law, Criminal Law and Human Rights Law.

Mod-Code Level Title Credit Single
FP3002 0 University Study Skills 20 Comp
FP3003 0 Independent Project 20 Comp
FP3101 0 Introduction to Business 20 Optional
FP3102 0 Introduction to the Social Sciences 20 Comp
FP3103 0 Introduction to Law 20 Comp
FP3104 0 Foundation Maths 20 Comp
FP3105 0 Global Perspectives 20 Optional
LA4001 4 Contract Law 20 Comp
LA4004 4 English Legal System and Critical Legal Skills 20 N/A
LA4007 4 Public Law 20 Comp
LA4008 4 Principles of Property Law 20 Comp
LA4011 4 English Legal System and Method 20 Comp
SO4303 4 Understanding Criminology 20 N/A
SO4304 4 The Criminal Justice Process 20 Comp
SO4305 4 Crime, Continuities & Change 20 Comp
LA5001 5 Criminal Law 20 Comp
LA5002 5 EU Law 20 Comp
LA5005 5 Law Experiential 20 Optional
LA5006 5 Tort 20 Comp
SO5301 5 Theories of Crime and Justice 20 Comp
SO5303 5 State Power, Liberties and Rights 20 N/A
SO5307 5 War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity 20 Comp
WB5101 5 Enhancing your Employability through Work Based Learning 20 Optional
LA6002 6 Law Dissertation 40 Optional
LA6003 6 Legal Research Methods 20 Optional
LA6004 6 Child Law 20 Optional
LA6005 6 Family Law 20 Optional
LA6006 6 Medical Law 20 Optional
LA6009 6 Human Rights Law (Level 6) 20 Comp
LA6011 6 Social Control: A Legal History 20 Optional
LA6012 6 Discrimination Law 20 Optional
LA6013 6 Employment Law 20 Optional
LA6014 6 Company Law 20 Optional
LA6016 6 Intellectual Property 20 Optional
LA6017 6 Evidence 20 Optional
LA6022 6 Equity, Trusts and Property Law II 20 Comp
SO6301 6 Environments of Crime 20 N/A
SO6302 6 Social Aspects of Crime 20 N/A
SO6303 6 Criminal Representations 20 Optional
SO6305 6 Crime Prevention and Community Safety 20 Optional
SO6307 6 Contemporary Issues in Criminology and Criminal Justice 20 Optional

120 credits at Level 3 entitles the student to a Foundation Certificate in Business, Law and Social Sciences

120 credits at Level 4 entitles the student to a Certificate of Higher Education

240 credits at Level 5 entitles the student to a Diploma of Higher Education

360 credits at Level 6 entitles the student to a Bachelor's degree

As this is recognised as a QLD students may not be compensated in the following modules:

  • LA4001 Contract Law
  • LA4007 Public Law
  • LA4008 Principles of Property Law
  • LA5001 Criminal Law
  • LA5002 EU Law
  • LA5006 Tort Law
  • LA6009 Human Rights Law
  • LA6022 Equity, Trusts and Principles of Property Law II

This degree is recognised as satisfying the requirements necessary for a student to complete the academic stage of qualification. This allows the student to pass directly onto the Legal Practice Course- if they wish to become a solicitor, or the Bar Professional Training Course- if they wish to become a barrister.

The student to gain this recognition must study and pass the following modules:

  • LA4001 Contract Law
  • LA4007 Public Law
  • LA4008 Principles of Property Law
  • LA5001 Criminal Law
  • LA5002 EU Law
  • LA5006 Tort Law
  • LA6009 Human Rights Law
  • LA6022 Equity, Trusts and Principles of Property Law II

The degree is also recognised by the Law Society of Northern Ireland as being a QLD provided students also take LA6017 Evidence.

UCAS points:

180 UCAS points from GCE A Levels or equivalent.


BTEC Extended Diploma - MPP-MMP

BTEC Diploma MM

Irish/Scottish Highers:

C in 4 subjects

International Baccaluareate:

24 points


Access to HE Diploma - Pass

Extra Information;

Other vocational qualifications at Level 3 will also be considered, such as NVQs.

If you are a mature student (21 or over) and have been out of education for a while or do not have experience or qualifications at Level 3 (equivalent to A Levels), then our Foundation Year courses will help you to develop the skills and knowledge you will need to succeed in your chosen degree.

University of Chester is committed to a policy of widening access and participation by groups currently under represented in Higher Education.  To this end, we will consider a diverse range of entry qualifications and, if you are a mature student and do not hold the minimum formal qualifications, your application will be treated on an individual basis and your previous experience will be taken into account when assessing your suitability to the programme.

, although, again, the majority will have studied arts/social science/business-related curricula.

Applicants with non-standard qualifications will be considered by the Law School in conjunction with the Marketing, Recruitment and Admissions Services in accordance with the precepts and procedures set out in the University Handbook on The Admission of Students. This may particularly apply to those wishing to study the programme part-time, although, as there is no separate part-time mode of delivery, such students will be considered against the same criteria as non-standard full-time applicants.

The Subject Benchmark Statement for Law was updated and published in the summer of 2015, and is now in its third incarnation. The University of Chester Law School was fortunate to have a member of staff on the review group for Subject Benchmark Statement for Law.

There was considerable change but this was to reflect the view ‘that a law graduate is far more than a sum of their knowledge and understanding, and is a well skilled graduate with considerable transferable generic and subject-specific knowledge, skills and attributes.’ As a consequence some of the terminology used is not directly comparable with other subject benchmark statements.

The study of law at undergraduate level is academic in nature and as is acknowledged within the subject benchmark open to considerable variation in terms of the content of the course. As such ‘the common denominator is the requirement on the student to apply their understanding of legal principles, rules, doctrine, skills and values.’ This is recognised throughout our law programmes where we assess skills and knowledge.

The core aspect is contained within part 2- the benchmark standards. There a list is provided of skills and qualities of mind that are expected to be achieved by all graduates with a bachelor’s degree in law. The list is clearly comprehensive but marked as not being exhaustive or definitive nor is it arrange in any specific order. The list of skills are not specific to any particular areas of law meaning many of these will be embedded across multiple modules. Care has been taken to ensure that all of the areas identified within the subject benchmark are thoroughly addressed within our curriculum and are assessed and evidenced in the diverse nature of our assessment which encompasses both written and oral, individual and collaborative components across various modules and levels of our degree.

As well as the diversity of assessment to match the skills and qualities of mind we are also mindful that the learning and teaching needs to be diverse, the subject benchmark states that ‘it is recommended that students experience a range of teaching methods throughout their law programme and this might typically, although not exclusively, include lectures, small group formats, online learning environments, self-directed or collaborative study, experiential learning and problem-based learning.’

Again real care has been taken to ensure these are present throughout with all modules supported by online learning environments and all law students expected to undertake a period of experiential learning either through placements or experiential research.

It is clear though that individual programmes have been given considerable freedom by the subject benchmark statement for law and we have been mindful to try and blend high academic and employment focused aspects within our programmes to ensure students are able to demonstrate a broad range of skills and qualities of mind.

Although this is a Single Honours Law Programme there is a second subject element within this programme. All modules delivered in this second subject element are delivered in accordance with the appropriate subject benchmark statement as detailed in Section 18 Subject Benchmarking Group.

The learning, teaching and assessment methods for the foundation year (level 3) are designed to development students’ academic skills and subject knowledge to successfully prepare them for their undergraduate degree programmes. There will be a focus on introducing students to the mode of delivery they will experience at undergraduate level on programmes across the University. These include the development of professional skills, seminars, lectures, debate, group and individual projects, and confidence with presentations and group discussion. Diversity of assessment types enables students to practise and demonstrate a wide set of knowledge and skills. There will also be instances whereby assessments will have a relationship with real-world scenarios and professional practice. Examples of assessments are group and individual presentations, exams, essays, posters and the development of a portfolio or project.

Formative assessment is a key component of development on the foundation year (level 3). This will be used so that students can monitor their own performance, reflect on their development and prepare for summative assessments. This is particularly salient for the study skills provision, where skills development will be continuously (self) appraised by students and lecturers via group and personal tutorials. The subject-specific modules and study skills curriculum are not delivered as two distinct areas of the foundation year. Students will need to demonstrate proficiency in academic study skills throughout all of their modules.

A key aspect of the foundation year (level 3) will be the identification and development of critical thinking skills and reflection on one's own progress. This will be 'situated' within the University Study Skills module but students will be expected to utilise skills-based learning from this module across the programme. The programme aims to give students opportunities to take charge of their own learning by identifying their own interests and areas for development.

Teaching Methods - Law

The principal methods of delivery are through lectures (for a whole cohort), workshops (all or part of a module cohort) and seminars (usually a maximum of 15 students). There is a good ratio of small group to large group teaching (typically 1 to 2 at level 4 and better at levels 5 and 6). Typically lectures will be expository and explanatory, teaching to printed materials. However, they will also afford students every opportunity to interact. Workshops will typically be a mixture of lecturing and setting the students tasks and are often used for consolidation of previous topics. Students will be given tasks to complete before seminars and all students will be given the opportunity and be expected to participate in seminars. Tasks are typically to prepare one or more problem questions (i.e. students are given a short, written scenario and they have to identify the relevant area(s) of Law and apply them correctly and appropriately to the facts) and/or to prepare a given topic for analysis and discussion. The conduct of seminars might take various forms. Students may be asked to present part of the seminar, or, at level 5 and above, to run the session. They may be split into sub-groups or, more typically, all students will contribute within a session facilitated by a member of the academic staff.

Students will also benefit from input into formal teaching sessions by guest lecturers. Professional guest lecturers are invited to take sessions in some modules, particularly the more specialist ones at level 6.

During the one week induction programme the students learn basic legal academic skills. Sessions include information on the programme of study, life as a law student and an introduction to legal skills and exercises to help review those skills. They receive quick feedback on these exercises so that strengths and weaknesses in skills can be identified at an early stage and the students can ascertain what areas they need to improve in and what support they might need. Students also have library induction sessions and continue with learning how to use a law library and undertake legal research throughout the programme.


Students’ learning comes from a variety of sources. On a day to day basis, they consolidate what they have taken from lectures, and prepare for seminars. Part of the assessment in Contract Law, both formative and summative, is designed to induct them into the technique and regime of preparing for seminars. For students on the “Law with” programmes, the system and skills module introduces them to such discipline. The induction sessions and other Level 4 modules also teach the students how to access, evaluate and use electronic sources and materials. It is hoped that electronic materials will continue to be developed for the programme, allowing interactive use of them.

Mooting, debating and mock trials are used as both specific legal and generic skills. Students experience them formatively in the level 4 English Legal System and Critical Legal Skills module .This affords them the opportunity to learn and develop public speaking skills and to present arguments orally in a rational and lucid manner. It is hoped that they will participate in both internal and external mooting competitions at level 5. A senior local judge judges the final of the internal competition. Some may also benefit from short placements in a solicitors’ office. They have an opportunity to enhance their experiential, reflective and independent learning in the level 5 module LA5005 Law Experiential.

Students are encouraged to become more independent and critical in their learning as they progress from one level to another. This is reflected in the lessening of class contact hours at level 6 and the quality and type of seminar task set.

Development of Professionalism and Autonomy

Students are given early tuition on independent learning. The level 5 LA5005 Law Experiential module, if chosen, gives them the opportunity to produce an independent, reflective piece of work based on participation in or observation of some aspect of law in practice.

The aims and learning outcomes of modules progress from level to level, requiring and enabling students to adopt a more independent and professional approach to their studies. The nature and content of assessment tasks will also evolve from level to level, requiring more independent research and critical appreciation of primary sources of law.

Students who experience learning difficulties or who, for whatever reason, need ongoing support, are actively encouraged to contact the designated member of Student Support and Guidance.

The Criminology modules utilise a variety of learning and teaching methods which provide opportunities for students to enhance their learning skills and personal development during their degree programme. These teaching and learning methods also take account of equal opportunities and inclusive practice.

Lectures will be used to provide an introduction to the main themes, debates and interpretations of their subject, conveying basic information and signposting issues to be considered.

Seminars and workshops will provide opportunities for more student-centred and interactive learning. TUTORIALS - will provide the opportunity for individual or small groups of students to meet with individual staff members. The aim is to provide a context whereby students' personal development and progress can be assessed (formative feedback); students can be encouraged to develop learning skills; students can be assisted to make informed and realistic choices within their degree course and support can be offered for individual or group project work, work-related placements and dissertation supervision.

Managed Learning Activities - these will comprise of formative learning activities that are set with a specific task focus to develop students academic skills in preparation for summative assessments (in line with the QAA code of practice - ensuring students have adequate time to reflect on learning before being assessed).

There may also be practical problem based activities and guided independent study - these will allow students to conduct practical activities related to a given problem/task and develop their understanding of how research evidence can inform policymaking. For example, conducting a risk assessment in order to implement crime prevention measures.

As to Law:

Each module descriptor states the module specific learning outcomes that are assessed in each component of assessment. The assessments will then test the programme and learning outcomes. These will be articulated in each in-course assessment and will accompany draft examinations for external examiners’ information and scrutiny. Thus, there is conceptual linkage between the benchmarks, programme aims and outcomes, skills, module outcomes and assessment in each module and these linkages will be apparent in the actual assessment tasks.

Apart from the above, the assessments are designed to provide a broad platform for students to demonstrate that they have achieved the module and programme outcomes in a diverse set of assessments.

These diverse methods are: examinations, written individual assignments, timed constrained assessment – involving a substantial element of problem solving, group presentations, drafting, dissertations, seminar assignments, mooting, reflective logs and journals, portfolio – report and reflection, library/electronic search "audits".

Transferable/key skills are generally incorporated within modules and related to relevant assessments as appropriate, however they are not all directly assessed. Self-directed learning forms an element of all modules and the necessity to work within tight deadlines is an essential requirement across the curriculum. The ability to communicate orally and in writing will be developed across the range of modules and numeracy is an inherent part of formal and/or informal development and assessment in some modules.

Reflection is directly assessed in some modules.

As to Criminology:

Formative assessments are varied and may include:

presentations (written and verbal)

poster presentations

essay plans both self-study and timed

question and answer sessions


on-line quizzes and debates

bibliographic exercises

information literacy exercises

Summative assessments are varied and include:



Exams, both traditional and structured


Written assignments

Compilation of key concepts

Annotated bibliography


Briefing Paper

Risk Assessment

Critical review

The basic graduate characteristics are set out in the extract from the Law Benchmarks Statement in section 27 above. This extract is taken from the section headed "Statement for Employers". However, it should be emphasised that the majority of students should achieve and display such characteristics at a higher level. The students will be demonstrated to have achieved these characteristics through the development of the skills outcomes developed from and informed by the Benchmarks Statement. These skills are mapped against modules in the definitive document and the module learning outcomes incorporate these skills. In particular, the ability to critically analyse, apply knowledge in a wider context and present arguments in a coherent and appropriate manner are all transferable skills that make law graduates desirable employees in a number of professions and careers.

Typical Career Paths

Less than 50% of law graduates qualify and practise as either a solicitor or barrister.

Some other graduates may practise law as paralegals, or perhaps with another qualification such as membership or fellowship of the Chartered Institute of Legal Executives. However a law degree is recognised as a rigorous, social science and/or arts degree and qualifies graduates to pursue a wide range of careers. These include professions closely allied to Law such as the police, social workers and court workers, for which graduates of this programme will be very well suited. Law graduates are well qualified for entry into the various branches of the Civil Service, whether or not in a legal capacity.

Students who graduate with this degree will also have knowledge and understanding of crime, its background and consequences, and an understanding of theories about criminality. Capacities for imaginative, rigorous and critical thinking will be developed through the course of study. Subject specific skills, such as the knowledge of the social process of crime and the criminal justice system, and the ability to understand a variety of types of evidence, are complemented by skills of wide applicability beyond the degree, including IT skills, research and problem solving, communication, and working as part of a team

Graduates who study Law and Criminology will find the subject a useful grounding for entry to a range of careers where the understanding and contextualisation of crime is regarded as valuable.

The University is committed to the promotion of diversity, equality and inclusion in all its forms; through different ideas and perspectives, age, disability, gender reassignment, marriage and civil partnership, pregnancy and maternity, race, religion or belief, sex and sexual orientation. We are, in particular, committed to widening access to higher education. Within an ethically aware and professional environment, we acknowledge our responsibilities to promote freedom of enquiry and scholarly expression.

Each module and programme is developed in line with University policy to both promote equality and diversity and encourage all students in the development of their learning. Within Law, much of the subject matter naturally affords a range of cultural perspectives and this is particularly so in such modules as Human Rights, Discrimination Law, Family Law and Child Law. At level 4 three modules (discussed in section 24 above) are designed to encourage students to think about the theoretical, philosophical and nature of law and these inherently promote the discussion of diversity and equality. Indeed, it is difficult to think of many modules that do not have some content regarding these issues.

There is flexibility in materials and delivery of teaching to support students with disability or from culturally diverse backgrounds and the Law School works closely with Learning Support in delivering this support. The induction week activities are designed to integrate all students both academically and socially and to make academic staff aware of any such issues.

In addition, diagnostic activities have been devised and implemented in induction and supportive exercises in modules in the first year to give all students an equal chance of succeeding. Assessments are designed to afford equal opportunity to all students to display their knowledge and skills. Anonymous marking enhances equal opportunity to all students. Some members of the Law School are undergoing training as amanuenses.

Throughout their period of study students are provided with opportunities to develop additional skills or gain experience outside of the formal course structures.

Across all years students are invited to support the Law School by joining Marketing, Recruitment and Admissions- Law. This group develops and plans the Law School's activities for Open and Applicant Days, contributes to Level 4 induction and other initiatives such as sessions run for schools and colleges.

The Law School offers to run a Debating, Advocacy, Mooting and Presentation Society and a Film Society which again allows for students to take on responsibility while developing presentation and critical thinking skills.

At levels 5 and 6 the students are encouraged to run the Student Law Society. The students are encouraged to forge links with the student society at the University of Law and with local Trainee Solicitors' Groups and Young Solicitors' Groups. The Student Law Society organises educational activities as well as social events.

All of these are actively supported by the Programme Team and the students benefit additionally from some very eminent guest speakers and careers talks and visits arranged by the Law School.

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